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Current management of dentin hypersensitivity


Schmidlin, Patrick R; Sahrmann, Phlipp (2013). Current management of dentin hypersensitivity. Clinical Oral Investigations, 17 Suppl:55-59.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the article was to present an overview of the management strategies of dentin hypersensitivity (DHS) and summarize and discuss the therapeutic options.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted to identify articles dealing with dentin hypersensitivity prophylaxis and treatment. We focussed on meta-analyses of available or controlled clinical trials.
RESULTS: DHS therapy should start with noninvasive individual prophylactic home-care approaches. In-office therapy follows with nerve desensitizing, precipitating, or plugging agents. If the hypersensitivity persists, depending on the hard and soft tissue components at reevaluation, i.e., presence or absence of cervical lesions and the gingival contour, adhesive restorations including sealing or mucogingival surgery may be an option. They allow for the establishment of a physicomechanical barrier. As the placebo effect may play an important role, adequate patient management strategies and positive reinforcement may improve the management of DHS in the future.
CONCLUSIONS: Lifelong maintenance under the premise of strict control of the causative factors is crucial in the management of DHS.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Clinicians are faced with a broad spectrum of therapeutic options. Therapy should not only focus on pain reduction or better elimination but also on the modification of the exposed cervical dentin area based on the defect type.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the article was to present an overview of the management strategies of dentin hypersensitivity (DHS) and summarize and discuss the therapeutic options.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted to identify articles dealing with dentin hypersensitivity prophylaxis and treatment. We focussed on meta-analyses of available or controlled clinical trials.
RESULTS: DHS therapy should start with noninvasive individual prophylactic home-care approaches. In-office therapy follows with nerve desensitizing, precipitating, or plugging agents. If the hypersensitivity persists, depending on the hard and soft tissue components at reevaluation, i.e., presence or absence of cervical lesions and the gingival contour, adhesive restorations including sealing or mucogingival surgery may be an option. They allow for the establishment of a physicomechanical barrier. As the placebo effect may play an important role, adequate patient management strategies and positive reinforcement may improve the management of DHS in the future.
CONCLUSIONS: Lifelong maintenance under the premise of strict control of the causative factors is crucial in the management of DHS.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Clinicians are faced with a broad spectrum of therapeutic options. Therapy should not only focus on pain reduction or better elimination but also on the modification of the exposed cervical dentin area based on the defect type.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Dentistry
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:18 Dec 2013 08:23
Last Modified:21 Sep 2018 21:51
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1432-6981
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-012-0912-0
PubMed ID:23274415

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