BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: It has been substantiated that the quality of pleurodesis is reduced when non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used perioperatively. The effects of NSAID administration on the early inflammatory and fibrinolytic processes after mechanical pleurodesis were investigated in an established pig model.
METHODS: Left-sided mechanical pleural abrasion was performed on 24 pigs assigned to either an NSAID or a control group. Pleural fluid and blood samples were analysed over a 24-hour period. Histological evaluation of neutrophil influx at the site of pleural abrasion was performed.
RESULTS: The volume of pleural effusion was significantly decreased in the diclofenac group at 10 and 24 h, and the protein content was significantly lower. The diclofenac group at 24 h had a diminished total number of white blood cells and a reduced content of transforming growth factor-β. Moreover, the diclofenac group had a reduced percentage of neutrophils at 6 h. Significantly increased levels of D-dimers and tissue plasminogen activator were measured at 6 h and of interleukin-10 at 24 h. Neutrophils at the site of pleural abrasion were significantly reduced.
CONCLUSIONS: Systemic application of diclofenac led to a local enhancement of fibrinolysis and attenuation of pro-inflammatory and fibrotic processes necessary for adhesion formation in our model.