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Bisphosphonate-associated orbital inflammatory disease and uveitis anterior - a case report and review


Böni, C; Kordic, H; Chaloupka, K (2013). Bisphosphonate-associated orbital inflammatory disease and uveitis anterior - a case report and review. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 230(4):367-369.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Drug-induced cases of orbital inflammation and uveitis are rare.We present a bisphosphonate-induced case of unilateral orbital inflammation and bilateral anterior uveitis.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
A 75-year-old female presents because of pain and swelling around her left eye with an onset 2 days after an intravenous zoledronic acid therapy for osteoporosis. Examination reveals reduced visual acuity of 0.2, proptosis of 4 mm, marked conjunctival chemosis and hyperemia, ophthalmoplegia and choroidal folds in the left eye and a bilateral anterior uveitis. CT and MRI scans show signs of diffuse pre- and postseptal inflammation in the left orbit.
RESULTS:
Initiation of intravenous methylprednisolon leads to a complete regression of the inflammatory process within days. This causality between the therapy with bisphosphonates and an orbital inflammation as well as an anterior uveitis corresponds to the literature. Drug-induced cases of orbital inflammation and uveitis have also been reported following use of antiinfectious drugs, biologica and vaccines.
CONCLUSIONS:
Iatrogenic causes should be considered in the differential diagnosis of orbital inflammations, scleritis and uveitis. Findings are mostly reversible after discontinuation of the drug and therapy of inflammation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Drug-induced cases of orbital inflammation and uveitis are rare.We present a bisphosphonate-induced case of unilateral orbital inflammation and bilateral anterior uveitis.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
A 75-year-old female presents because of pain and swelling around her left eye with an onset 2 days after an intravenous zoledronic acid therapy for osteoporosis. Examination reveals reduced visual acuity of 0.2, proptosis of 4 mm, marked conjunctival chemosis and hyperemia, ophthalmoplegia and choroidal folds in the left eye and a bilateral anterior uveitis. CT and MRI scans show signs of diffuse pre- and postseptal inflammation in the left orbit.
RESULTS:
Initiation of intravenous methylprednisolon leads to a complete regression of the inflammatory process within days. This causality between the therapy with bisphosphonates and an orbital inflammation as well as an anterior uveitis corresponds to the literature. Drug-induced cases of orbital inflammation and uveitis have also been reported following use of antiinfectious drugs, biologica and vaccines.
CONCLUSIONS:
Iatrogenic causes should be considered in the differential diagnosis of orbital inflammations, scleritis and uveitis. Findings are mostly reversible after discontinuation of the drug and therapy of inflammation.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Bisphosponatassoziierte orbitale Entzündung und Uveitis anterior – ein Fallbericht und Review
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:11 Feb 2014 08:07
Last Modified:16 Feb 2018 19:28
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0023-2165
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1328337
PubMed ID:23629782

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