BACKGROUND: Atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is often associated with a high risk of disease recurrence and subsequent graft loss after isolated renal transplantation. Evidence-based recommendations for a mutation-based management after renal transplantation in aHUS caused by a combined mutation with complement factor I (CFI) and membrane cofactor protein CD46 (MCP) are limited.
CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: We describe a 9-year-old boy with a first manifestation of aHUS at the age of 9 months carrying combined heterozygous mutations in the CFI and MCP genes. At the age of 5 years, he underwent isolated cadaveric renal transplantation. Fresh frozen plasma was administered during and after transplantation, tapered and finally stopped after 3 years.
CONCLUSIONS: During the 5-year follow-up after transplantation there have been no signs of aHUS recurrence and graft function has remained good. The combination of heterozygous MCP and CFI mutations with aHUS might have a positive impact on the post-transplant course, possibly predicting a lower risk of aHUS recurrence after an isolated cadaveric renal transplantation.