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Changing Political News? Long-Term Trends in American, British, French, Italian, German and Swiss Press Reporting


Umbricht, Andrea; Esser, Frank (2014). Changing Political News? Long-Term Trends in American, British, French, Italian, German and Swiss Press Reporting. In: Kuhn, Raymond; Nielsen, Rasmus K. Political Journalism in Transition: Western Europe in a Comparative Perspective. London: IB Tauris, 195-218.

Abstract

This study intends to examine the relevance of Hallin and Mancini’s characterizations of media systems for explaining news output produced by print media embedded in these systems. We employ a longitudinal design comparing print outlets from six Western systems (USA, GBR, GER, SUI, FRA, ITA) in 1960/61 and 2006/07. While we find clear convergence in the preference for opinionated stories in covering politics, the use of objectivity-related and negativity-related reporting features continues to differentiate journalism models. Although institutional aspects of media systems cannot be expected to be directly reflected in content, we are able to confirm several expectations by Hallin and Mancini, including their suspicion that France and Great Britain are borderline cases of their respective models. We conclude that similar technological and economic changes around the world as well as growing transnational exchanges between the national models have not led to an across the board, wholesale homogenization of news practices.

Abstract

This study intends to examine the relevance of Hallin and Mancini’s characterizations of media systems for explaining news output produced by print media embedded in these systems. We employ a longitudinal design comparing print outlets from six Western systems (USA, GBR, GER, SUI, FRA, ITA) in 1960/61 and 2006/07. While we find clear convergence in the preference for opinionated stories in covering politics, the use of objectivity-related and negativity-related reporting features continues to differentiate journalism models. Although institutional aspects of media systems cannot be expected to be directly reflected in content, we are able to confirm several expectations by Hallin and Mancini, including their suspicion that France and Great Britain are borderline cases of their respective models. We conclude that similar technological and economic changes around the world as well as growing transnational exchanges between the national models have not led to an across the board, wholesale homogenization of news practices.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Communication and Media Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:700 Arts
Uncontrolled Keywords:Content analysis, comparative analysis, political news cultures, media systems, journalistic traditions, transnational diffusion
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:07 Feb 2014 11:36
Last Modified:13 May 2020 14:39
Publisher:IB Tauris
ISBN:978-1-78076-677-5
Additional Information:Wurde unter dem gleichen Titel auch als NCCR Working Paper im März 2013 publiziert.
OA Status:Green

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