This doctoral thesis examines the concept of home as a tool for literary critical and cultural analysis. In addition to discussing various theoretical concepts established by earlier critics (e.g. the Freudian uncanny, the Russian formalist idea of defamiliarization, or Marx's concept of alienation), this thesis proposes that fiction itself ought to be considered as a home-making practice, and that any analysis of fictions of home ought to bear in mind seven critical precepts. These seven precepts are formulated in the introduction and then applied in the discussion of one film (Steven Spielberg's E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial) and six novels (Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick: or, The Whale; George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss; Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway; William Faulkner’s Absalom, Absalom!; Pat Barker’s Union Street; and Jeffrey Eugenides’s The Virgin Suicides).