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Interference in verbal working memory: Distinguishing similarity-based confusion, feature overwriting, and feature migration


Oberauer, Klaus; Lange, Elke B (2008). Interference in verbal working memory: Distinguishing similarity-based confusion, feature overwriting, and feature migration. Journal of Memory & Language, 58(3):730-745.

Abstract

Reports two experiments on mechanism of interference in working memory. Experiment 1 shows that a target word in a memory list, which bears high similarity to one of 4 words read aloud in the retention interval, is recalled less well than a control word. A second target word, not similar to any word read aloud but with all its phonemes repeated among the words read aloud, suffered the same degree of impairment. Feature overwriting explains both results, whereas similarity-based confusion explains only the first. In Experiment 2, participants remembered lists of 4 words, followed by 4 letters. A target word with high phoneme overlap with the letters was recalled worse than a control word, in line with predictions from feature overwriting. A further target word with many phonological neighbors created by inserting letter phonemes into it was recalled better than a control, contrary to predictions from feature migration.

Abstract

Reports two experiments on mechanism of interference in working memory. Experiment 1 shows that a target word in a memory list, which bears high similarity to one of 4 words read aloud in the retention interval, is recalled less well than a control word. A second target word, not similar to any word read aloud but with all its phonemes repeated among the words read aloud, suffered the same degree of impairment. Feature overwriting explains both results, whereas similarity-based confusion explains only the first. In Experiment 2, participants remembered lists of 4 words, followed by 4 letters. A target word with high phoneme overlap with the letters was recalled worse than a control word, in line with predictions from feature overwriting. A further target word with many phonological neighbors created by inserting letter phonemes into it was recalled better than a control, contrary to predictions from feature migration.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Language and Linguistics
Social Sciences & Humanities > Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Linguistics and Language
Physical Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:07 Jul 2014 12:26
Last Modified:12 May 2024 01:45
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0749-596X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2007.09.006
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