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The multiple faces of working memory: Storage, processing, supervision, and coordination


Oberauer, Klaus; Süß, H M; Wilhelm, Oliver; Wittmann, Werner W (2003). The multiple faces of working memory: Storage, processing, supervision, and coordination. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 31(2):167-193.

Abstract

Working memory capacity was differentiated along functional and content-related facets. Twenty-four tasks were constructed to operationalize the cells of the proposed taxonomy. We tested 133 university students with the new tasks, together with six working memory marker tasks. With structural equation models, three working memory functions could be distinguished: Simultaneous storage and processing, supervision, and coordination of elements into structures. Each function was further subdivided into distinct components of variance. On the content dimension, evidence for a dissociation between verbal-numerical working memory and spatial working memory was comparatively weak.

Abstract

Working memory capacity was differentiated along functional and content-related facets. Twenty-four tasks were constructed to operationalize the cells of the proposed taxonomy. We tested 133 university students with the new tasks, together with six working memory marker tasks. With structural equation models, three working memory functions could be distinguished: Simultaneous storage and processing, supervision, and coordination of elements into structures. Each function was further subdivided into distinct components of variance. On the content dimension, evidence for a dissociation between verbal-numerical working memory and spatial working memory was comparatively weak.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:09 Jul 2014 13:39
Last Modified:30 Jul 2020 13:57
Publisher:AI Access Foundation
ISSN:1076-9757
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896(02)00115-0

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