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Lethal recessive myelin toxicity of prion protein lacking its central domain.


Baumann, F; Tolnay, M; Brabeck, C; Pahnke, J; Kloz, U; Niemann, H H; Heikenwalder, M; Rülicke, T; Bürkle, A; Aguzzi, A (2007). Lethal recessive myelin toxicity of prion protein lacking its central domain. EMBO Journal, 26(2):538-547.

Abstract

PrP(C)-deficient mice expressing prion protein variants with large amino-proximal deletions (termed PrP(DeltaF)) suffer from neurodegeneration, which is rescued by full-length PrP(C). We now report that expression of PrP(DeltaCD), a PrP variant lacking 40 central residues (94-134), induces a rapidly progressive, lethal phenotype with extensive central and peripheral myelin degeneration. This phenotype was rescued dose-dependently by coexpression of full-length PrP(C) or PrP(C) lacking all octarepeats. Expression of a PrP(C) variant lacking eight residues (114-121) was innocuous in the presence or absence of full-length PrP(C), yet enhanced the toxicity of PrP(DeltaCD) and diminished that of PrP(DeltaF). Therefore, deletion of the entire central domain generates a strong recessive-negative mutant of PrP(C), whereas removal of residues 114-121 creates a partial agonist with context-dependent action. These findings suggest that myelin integrity is maintained by a constitutively active neurotrophic protein complex involving PrP(C), whose effector domain encompasses residues 94-134.

Abstract

PrP(C)-deficient mice expressing prion protein variants with large amino-proximal deletions (termed PrP(DeltaF)) suffer from neurodegeneration, which is rescued by full-length PrP(C). We now report that expression of PrP(DeltaCD), a PrP variant lacking 40 central residues (94-134), induces a rapidly progressive, lethal phenotype with extensive central and peripheral myelin degeneration. This phenotype was rescued dose-dependently by coexpression of full-length PrP(C) or PrP(C) lacking all octarepeats. Expression of a PrP(C) variant lacking eight residues (114-121) was innocuous in the presence or absence of full-length PrP(C), yet enhanced the toxicity of PrP(DeltaCD) and diminished that of PrP(DeltaF). Therefore, deletion of the entire central domain generates a strong recessive-negative mutant of PrP(C), whereas removal of residues 114-121 creates a partial agonist with context-dependent action. These findings suggest that myelin integrity is maintained by a constitutively active neurotrophic protein complex involving PrP(C), whose effector domain encompasses residues 94-134.

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139 citations in Web of Science®
139 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:20
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0261-4189
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.emboj.7601510
PubMed ID:17245436

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