UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Therapy of travelers' diarrhea with rifaximin on various continents


Steffen, R; Sack, D A; Riopel, L; Jiang, Z D; Stürchler, M; Ericsson, C D; Lowe, B; Waiyaki, P; White, M; DuPont, H L (2003). Therapy of travelers' diarrhea with rifaximin on various continents. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 98(5):1073-1078.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the efficacy and safety of rifaximin, a virtually nonabsorbed antibiotic, 600 and 1200 mg per day, with placebo in patients with travelers' diarrhea. METHODS: This was a multicenter, 1:1:1 randomized, parallel-group, double-blind study, conducted in Antigua, Guatemala; Guadalajara and Morelia, Mexico; and the coast of Kenya north and south of Mombasa. Adult patients with acute travelers' diarrhea were recruited; exclusion criteria included primarily medication that could influence the outcome. Subjects were treated for 3 days, three times daily; follow-up lasted 5 days. For each 24-h period, the subjects completed a diary card. Pre- and posttreatment stool, blood, and urine samples were assessed. RESULTS: Among the 380 volunteers, median time to the last unformed stool was 32.5 and 32.9 h in both rifaximin groups, compared with 60.0 h with placebo (p = 0.0001). Also, secondary clinical outcome measures were favorably influenced by the active agent. No relevant side effects were reported. CONCLUSION: Rifaximin is efficacious and safe for treatment of travelers' diarrhea at daily doses of 600 mg or higher.

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the efficacy and safety of rifaximin, a virtually nonabsorbed antibiotic, 600 and 1200 mg per day, with placebo in patients with travelers' diarrhea. METHODS: This was a multicenter, 1:1:1 randomized, parallel-group, double-blind study, conducted in Antigua, Guatemala; Guadalajara and Morelia, Mexico; and the coast of Kenya north and south of Mombasa. Adult patients with acute travelers' diarrhea were recruited; exclusion criteria included primarily medication that could influence the outcome. Subjects were treated for 3 days, three times daily; follow-up lasted 5 days. For each 24-h period, the subjects completed a diary card. Pre- and posttreatment stool, blood, and urine samples were assessed. RESULTS: Among the 380 volunteers, median time to the last unformed stool was 32.5 and 32.9 h in both rifaximin groups, compared with 60.0 h with placebo (p = 0.0001). Also, secondary clinical outcome measures were favorably influenced by the active agent. No relevant side effects were reported. CONCLUSION: Rifaximin is efficacious and safe for treatment of travelers' diarrhea at daily doses of 600 mg or higher.

Citations

73 citations in Web of Science®
126 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 30 Jun 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:30 Jun 2009 14:46
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:17
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0002-9270
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2003.07283.x
PubMed ID:12809830
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19520

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations