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Mammalian base excision repair by DNA polymerases delta and epsilon.


Stucki, M; Pascucci, B; Parlanti, E; Fortini, P; Wilson, S H; Hübscher, U; Dogliotti, E (1998). Mammalian base excision repair by DNA polymerases delta and epsilon. Oncogene, 17(7):835-843.

Abstract

Two distinct pathways for completion of base excision repair (BER) have been discovered in eukaryotes: the DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta)-dependent short-patch pathway that involves the replacement of a single nucleotide and the long-patch pathway that entails the resynthesis of 2-6 nucleotides and requires PCNA. We have used cell extracts from Pol beta-deleted mouse fibroblasts to separate subfractions containing either Pol delta or Pol epsilon. These fractions were then tested for their ability to perform both short- and long-patch BER in an in vitro repair assay, using a circular DNA template, containing a single abasic site at a defined position. Remarkably, both Pol delta and Pol epsilon were able to replace a single nucleotide at the lesion site, but the repair reaction is delayed compared to single nucleotide replacement by Pol beta. Furthermore, our observations indicated, that either Pol delta and/or Pol epsilon participate in the long-patch BER. PCNA and RF-C, but not RP-A are required for this process. Our data show for the first time that Pol delta and/or Pol epsilon are directly involved in the long-patch BER of abasic sites and might function as back-up system for Pol beta in one-gap filling reactions.

Two distinct pathways for completion of base excision repair (BER) have been discovered in eukaryotes: the DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta)-dependent short-patch pathway that involves the replacement of a single nucleotide and the long-patch pathway that entails the resynthesis of 2-6 nucleotides and requires PCNA. We have used cell extracts from Pol beta-deleted mouse fibroblasts to separate subfractions containing either Pol delta or Pol epsilon. These fractions were then tested for their ability to perform both short- and long-patch BER in an in vitro repair assay, using a circular DNA template, containing a single abasic site at a defined position. Remarkably, both Pol delta and Pol epsilon were able to replace a single nucleotide at the lesion site, but the repair reaction is delayed compared to single nucleotide replacement by Pol beta. Furthermore, our observations indicated, that either Pol delta and/or Pol epsilon participate in the long-patch BER. PCNA and RF-C, but not RP-A are required for this process. Our data show for the first time that Pol delta and/or Pol epsilon are directly involved in the long-patch BER of abasic sites and might function as back-up system for Pol beta in one-gap filling reactions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:29 August 1998
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:16
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0950-9232
Publisher DOI:10.1038/sj.onc.1202001
Related URLs:http://www.nature.com/onc/index.html
PubMed ID:9780000

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