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Immigration and voting for the far right


Halla, Martin; Wagner, Alexander F; Zweimüller, Josef (2017). Immigration and voting for the far right. Journal of the European Economic Association, 15(6):1341-1385.

Abstract

Does the presence of immigrants in one's neighborhood affect voting for far right-wing parties? We study the case of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) that, under the leadership of Jörg Haider, increased its vote share from less than 5% in the early 1980s to 27% by the end of the 1990s and continued to attract more than 20% of voters in the 2013 national election. We find that the inflow of immigrants into a community has a significant impact on the increase in the community's voting share for the FPÖ, explaining roughly a tenth of the regional variation in vote changes. Our results suggest that voters worry about adverse labor market effects of immigration, as well as about the quality of their neighborhood. In fact, we find evidence of a negative impact of immigration on “compositional amenities”. In communities with larger immigration influx, Austrian children commute longer distances to school, and fewer daycare resources are provided. We do not find evidence that Austrians move out of communities with increasing immigrant presence.

Abstract

Does the presence of immigrants in one's neighborhood affect voting for far right-wing parties? We study the case of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) that, under the leadership of Jörg Haider, increased its vote share from less than 5% in the early 1980s to 27% by the end of the 1990s and continued to attract more than 20% of voters in the 2013 national election. We find that the inflow of immigrants into a community has a significant impact on the increase in the community's voting share for the FPÖ, explaining roughly a tenth of the regional variation in vote changes. Our results suggest that voters worry about adverse labor market effects of immigration, as well as about the quality of their neighborhood. In fact, we find evidence of a negative impact of immigration on “compositional amenities”. In communities with larger immigration influx, Austrian children commute longer distances to school, and fewer daycare resources are provided. We do not find evidence that Austrians move out of communities with increasing immigrant presence.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Banking and Finance
03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:7 March 2017
Deposited On:21 Jun 2017 14:10
Last Modified:05 Aug 2018 00:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1542-4766
Additional Information:Also published as University of Zurich, Department of Economics, Working Paper No. 83.
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Related URL. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jeea/jvx003
Related URLs:https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2103623
http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php?id=761

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