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A high throughput screening method for the nano-crystallization of salts of organic cations


Nievergelt, Philipp P; Babor, Martin; Čejka, Jan; Spingler, Bernhard (2018). A high throughput screening method for the nano-crystallization of salts of organic cations. Chemical Science, 9(15):3716-3722.

Abstract

The generation of solid salts of organic molecules is important to the chemical and pharmaceutical industry. Commonly used salt screening methods consume a lot of resources. We employed a combination of ion exchange screening and vapour diffusion for crystallization. This technique is semi-automatic and requires just nanoliters of the solution of the analyte to be crystallized. This high throughput screening yielded single crystals of sufficient size and quality for single-crystal X-ray structure determination using an in-house X-ray diffractometer. The broad scope of our method has been shown by challenging it with 7 very different organic cations, whose aqueous solubilities vary by a factor of almost 1000. At least one crystal structure for 6 out of 7 tested cations was determined; 4 out of the successful 6 ones had never been crystallized before. Our method is extremely attractive for high throughput salt screening, especially for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), as about 40% of all APIs are cationic salts. Additionally, our screening is a new and very promising procedure for the crystallization of salts of organic cations.

Abstract

The generation of solid salts of organic molecules is important to the chemical and pharmaceutical industry. Commonly used salt screening methods consume a lot of resources. We employed a combination of ion exchange screening and vapour diffusion for crystallization. This technique is semi-automatic and requires just nanoliters of the solution of the analyte to be crystallized. This high throughput screening yielded single crystals of sufficient size and quality for single-crystal X-ray structure determination using an in-house X-ray diffractometer. The broad scope of our method has been shown by challenging it with 7 very different organic cations, whose aqueous solubilities vary by a factor of almost 1000. At least one crystal structure for 6 out of 7 tested cations was determined; 4 out of the successful 6 ones had never been crystallized before. Our method is extremely attractive for high throughput salt screening, especially for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), as about 40% of all APIs are cationic salts. Additionally, our screening is a new and very promising procedure for the crystallization of salts of organic cations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:18 April 2018
Deposited On:19 Apr 2018 09:04
Last Modified:19 Apr 2018 09:33
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2041-6520
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/C8SC00783G
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID206021_164018
  • : Project TitleDual X-ray Wavelength Single-Crystal Diffractometer
  • : FunderCzech Science Foundation
  • : Grant ID16-10035S
  • : Project Title

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