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New local anesthetics


Shah, Jarna; Votta-Velis, Effrossyni Gina; Borgeat, Alain (2018). New local anesthetics. Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology, 32(2):179-185.

Abstract

Local anesthetics are used for performing various regional anesthesia techniques to provide intraoperative anesthesia and analgesia, as well as for the treatment of acute and chronic pain. Older medications such as lidocaine and bupivacaine as well as newer ones such as mepivacaine and ropivacaine are being used successfully for decades. Routes of administration include neuraxial, perineural, intravenous, various infiltrative approaches, topical, and transdermal. There are new innovations with the use of older local anesthetics in a novel manner, in addition to the development and use of new formulations. This chapter seeks to summarize the pharmacokinetics of local anesthetics and address the role of newer local anesthetics, as well as clinical implications, safety profiles, and the future of local anesthetic research. Finally, some clinical pearls are highlighted.

Abstract

Local anesthetics are used for performing various regional anesthesia techniques to provide intraoperative anesthesia and analgesia, as well as for the treatment of acute and chronic pain. Older medications such as lidocaine and bupivacaine as well as newer ones such as mepivacaine and ropivacaine are being used successfully for decades. Routes of administration include neuraxial, perineural, intravenous, various infiltrative approaches, topical, and transdermal. There are new innovations with the use of older local anesthetics in a novel manner, in addition to the development and use of new formulations. This chapter seeks to summarize the pharmacokinetics of local anesthetics and address the role of newer local anesthetics, as well as clinical implications, safety profiles, and the future of local anesthetic research. Finally, some clinical pearls are highlighted.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2018
Deposited On:26 Oct 2018 09:56
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:49
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1521-6896
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpa.2018.06.010
PubMed ID:30322458

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