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Terbium-161 for PSMA-targeted radionuclide therapy of prostate cancer


Müller, Cristina; Umbricht, Christoph A; Gracheva, Nadezda; Tschan, Viviane J; Pellegrini, Giovanni; Bernhardt, Peter; Zeevaart, Jan Rijn; Köster, Ulli; Schibli, Roger; van der Meulen, Nicholas P (2019). Terbium-161 for PSMA-targeted radionuclide therapy of prostate cancer. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 46(9):1919-1930.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has emerged as an interesting target for radionuclide therapy of metastasized castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The aim of this study was to investigate 161Tb (T1/2 = 6.89 days; Eβ͞av = 154 keV) in combination with PSMA-617 as a potentially more effective therapeutic alternative to 177Lu-PSMA-617, due to the abundant co-emission of conversion and Auger electrons, resulting in an improved absorbed dose profile.
METHODS: 161Tb was used for the radiolabeling of PSMA-617 at high specific activities up to 100 MBq/nmol. 161Tb-PSMA-617 was tested in vitro and in tumor-bearing mice to confirm equal properties, as previously determined for 177Lu-PSMA-617. The effects of 161Tb-PSMA-617 and 177Lu-PSMA-617 on cell viability (MTT assay) and survival (clonogenic assay) were compared in vitro using PSMA-positive PC-3 PIP tumor cells. 161Tb-PSMA-617 was further investigated in therapy studies using PC-3 PIP tumor-bearing mice.
RESULTS: 161Tb-PSMA-617 and 177Lu-PSMA-617 displayed equal in-vitro properties and tissue distribution profiles in tumor-bearing mice. The viability and survival of PC-3 PIP tumor cells were more reduced when exposed to 161Tb-PSMA-617 as compared to the effect obtained with the same activities of 177Lu-PSMA-617 over the whole investigated concentration range. Treatment of mice with 161Tb-PSMA-617 (5.0 MBq/mouse and 10 MBq/mouse, respectively) resulted in an activity-dependent increase of the median survival (36 vs 65 days) compared to untreated control animals (19 days). Therapy studies to compare the effects of 161Tb-PSMA-617 and 177Lu-PSMA-617 indicated the anticipated superiority of 161Tb over 177Lu.
CONCLUSION: 161Tb-PSMA-617 showed superior in-vitro and in-vivo results as compared to 177Lu-PSMA-617, confirming theoretical dose calculations that indicate an additive therapeutic effect of conversion and Auger electrons in the case of 161Tb. These data warrant more preclinical research for in-depth investigations of the proposed concept, and present a basis for future clinical translation of 161Tb-PSMA-617 for the treatment of mCRPC.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has emerged as an interesting target for radionuclide therapy of metastasized castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The aim of this study was to investigate 161Tb (T1/2 = 6.89 days; Eβ͞av = 154 keV) in combination with PSMA-617 as a potentially more effective therapeutic alternative to 177Lu-PSMA-617, due to the abundant co-emission of conversion and Auger electrons, resulting in an improved absorbed dose profile.
METHODS: 161Tb was used for the radiolabeling of PSMA-617 at high specific activities up to 100 MBq/nmol. 161Tb-PSMA-617 was tested in vitro and in tumor-bearing mice to confirm equal properties, as previously determined for 177Lu-PSMA-617. The effects of 161Tb-PSMA-617 and 177Lu-PSMA-617 on cell viability (MTT assay) and survival (clonogenic assay) were compared in vitro using PSMA-positive PC-3 PIP tumor cells. 161Tb-PSMA-617 was further investigated in therapy studies using PC-3 PIP tumor-bearing mice.
RESULTS: 161Tb-PSMA-617 and 177Lu-PSMA-617 displayed equal in-vitro properties and tissue distribution profiles in tumor-bearing mice. The viability and survival of PC-3 PIP tumor cells were more reduced when exposed to 161Tb-PSMA-617 as compared to the effect obtained with the same activities of 177Lu-PSMA-617 over the whole investigated concentration range. Treatment of mice with 161Tb-PSMA-617 (5.0 MBq/mouse and 10 MBq/mouse, respectively) resulted in an activity-dependent increase of the median survival (36 vs 65 days) compared to untreated control animals (19 days). Therapy studies to compare the effects of 161Tb-PSMA-617 and 177Lu-PSMA-617 indicated the anticipated superiority of 161Tb over 177Lu.
CONCLUSION: 161Tb-PSMA-617 showed superior in-vitro and in-vivo results as compared to 177Lu-PSMA-617, confirming theoretical dose calculations that indicate an additive therapeutic effect of conversion and Auger electrons in the case of 161Tb. These data warrant more preclinical research for in-depth investigations of the proposed concept, and present a basis for future clinical translation of 161Tb-PSMA-617 for the treatment of mCRPC.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Uncontrolled Keywords:161Tb; Auger electrons; PSMA ligands; Prostate cancer; Radioligand therapy
Language:English
Date:1 August 2019
Deposited On:13 Feb 2020 15:10
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:16
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1619-7070
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-019-04345-0
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDIZLIZ3_156800
  • : Project TitleTranslational molecular imaging of neuroendocrine tumours using innovative PET radionuclides

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