Ocular traumata are relevant sight threatening incidents . Males are more often involved than females as well as rural dwellers more often than urban inhabitants . Most accidents occur at work (60 %) followed by accidents at home (24 %) .
Risk factors for a poor visual outcome are rupture of the globe, scleral wound extending further than 5 mm posterior to the limbus, scleral wound of equal or more than 10 mm, ciliary body damage, severe intraocular hemorrhages and choroidal damage (i. e. choroidal laceration, choroidal detachment, choroidal rupture, choroidal incarceration, and choroidal defect), closed funnel retinal detachment or extraocular retinal prolapse .
A consistent terminology and a precise trauma classification are indispensible to ensure optimal trauma management. Commonly used are the Birmingham-Eye-Trauma-Terminology (BETT, [Fig. 1])  and the Ocular-Trauma-Score (OTS) .